A large assortment of hardwood types

Sustainability with Novum Timber

Knowledge and expertise are key

Novum Timber is able to import high quality, legal timber. This is the very foundation of our business. We strive to keep our products attractive, fair and affordable. This calls for solid communication, both internally and with our suppliers abroad.

We are a complete supplier for our customers: fast delivery, high quality, expertise and competitive pricing. In short, we are a supplier in tune with customer needs.

Our timber types

We stock a broad assortment of hardwood species. We exclusively trade legal hardwood. You will find extensive information about each timber type, such as processing capabilities, origin and hardness on their respective pages.

Abiurana

Brazil

Family: Sapotaceae.

Abiurana grows to a height of 20 to 40 meters with a diameter of 0.3 to 0.9 meters. The branch-free trunk is 9 - 21 meters. The trunk is cylindrical or can be grooved at the base up to 3.5 meters high. The trunk base is swollen and/or has root edges.

Abiurana heartwood is pink-brown to reddish-brown with a faint stripe or flame pattern and has no conspicuous scent or sheen. The 20 - 100 mm wide sapwood is yellow-brown to light brown and clearly lighter than the heartwood. The wood can contain 0.3 - 0.9% pebbles.

Thread: straight to irregular, sometimes a light cross-thread.

Grain: fine.

Durability: Durability class 1

Volumic mass: (1100-)1030- 1170(-1250) kg/m3 at 12% moisture content, fresh 1280 kg/m3.

Applications: construction timber also in freshwater and seawater, sluice gates, piles, sheet piling, shoring, floorboards, turned goods and furniture.

Angelim Vermelho

Brazil

Family: Leguminosae (Mimosaceae).

Agelim Vermelho is a up to 65 meters high, straight, cylindrical tree, often with fairly high roots. The branch-free trunk is 20 - 30 meters long and the diameter is 1.10 - 1.80 meters.

Freshly cut heartwood is yellow-brown in color, usually with stripes and often with an orangeish hue, fading to reddish-brown. The sapwood is pinkish and not always sharply defined from the heartwood. Fresh and dry, angelim vermelho has a striking rancid (butter sour) scent, which only disappears after a long time.

Thread: Usually quite strong cross thread.

Grain: Coarse.

Durability: Durability class 1

Volumic mass: (950-)1000 (-1050) kg/m3 at 12% moisture content, fresh 1450 kg/m3.

Applications: Heavy construction work such as water, bridge and shipbuilding, harbour works and sheet piling. Furthermore for dragline bulkheads, stone moulds, braided partitions, wagon floors, company floors and workbenches. Also suitable for soundproof screens, anti-parking poles, fruit tree poles, etc.

Azobe

Cameroon, Gabon

Family: Ochnaceae

The Azobe has a height of about 40 meters (maximum 50 meters), with a 25 - 30 meter long, often slightly oval, branch-free trunk with often a slight curvature. The maximum diameter is 1.5 - 1.8 meters and the trunk base is usually slightly swollen.

Azobé is mainly imported into the Netherlands as sawn timber, length 4 - 10 metres, with diameters of 0.5 - 1.5 metres and is cut to size to order. Partially sawn timber and end products (sheet piling) are also imported in certain sizes.

Wire: Usually cross or irregular wire

Grain: Coarse

Durability: Durability class 1

Volumic mass: (940-)1060 (-1100) kg/m3 at 12% moisture content, fresh 1100-1300 kg/m3.

Applications: construction timber also in freshwater and seawater, sluice gates, piles, sheet piling, shoring, floorboards, turned goods and furniture.

Bilinga

Kameroen

Family: Rubiaceae

The Belinga has a height of 40 - 50 metres with a 20 - 30 metre long, cylindrical branch-free trunk. The diameter is 0.6 - 1.2 meters, maximum 1.5 meters. Old trees usually have a low root attachment.

Supply: sawn wood and edged wood.

Wire: cross twine, also known as tangled or wavy wire.

Grain: coarse.

Durability: Durability class 1

Volumic mass: (660-)750 (-900) kg/m3 at 12% moisture content, fresh 900-1150 kg/m3.

Bilinga is suitable for many building constructions, both inside and outside, and as construction timber in hydraulic engineering for lock gates, braking works, dams, jetties, bridges, bridge decks, purlins, etc. Other applications are park benches, fences, gates, pergolas, company floors, wagon floors, sleepers, parquet, furniture, sculpture and turning, inlays etc.

Cumaru

Brazil

Family: Leguminosae (Papilionaceae)

The Camura has a height of about 30 meters, up to 50 meters, with a well shaped, straight branch-free trunk of 18 - 24 meters long. The maximum diameter is 1.2 meters.

Supply: straight timber.

Wire: cross wire.

Grain: moderately coarse.

Durability: Durability class 1

Volumic mass: (850-)1050 (-1200) kg/m3 at 12% moisture content.

Applications: heavy durable constructions, sheet piling, noise barriers, bridge and jetty decks, truck floors, street furniture, boat and shipbuilding, exterior panelling, veneer for furniture, turnings, shuffleboard, sculpture, surrogate for pokwood (not for bearings) etc.

Guariuba

Brazil

Atibt
guariuba

Other names
Murure (Bolivia), guariuba, oiticica amarela, oiticica da mata, quariuba, tatajuba amarela (Brazil), aji, guariuba, moral (Colombia), moral bobo, mata palo, pituca (Ecuador), capinuri, murere, guariuba, turupay amarillo (Peru).

Botanical name
Clarisia racemosa Ruiz & Pav.

Family
Moraceae.

Growth area
Tropical South America.

Tree description
Height 25-35(-40) m, with generally a well formed trunk without flaws and root runs, branch-free trunk 15-18 m, diameter 0.5-0.8(-0.9) m.

Supply
Tilted wood.

Wood description
The narrow, 20-50 mm wide, white to pale yellow sapwood is clearly distinguishable from the heartwood which is fresh bright yellow and dark brown/red-brown with a golden sheen under certain light. Often an attractive drawing can be created by wavy wire. When dry, guariuba has no distinctive odor.

Type of wood
deciduous wood

Wire
Straight, sometimes irregular wire or crosshair.

Nerf
Moderately coarse.

Volumic mass
(560-)690- 770(-900) kg/m3 at 12% moisture content, fresh 1000-1200 kg/m3.

Working
Barely.

Drying
Air drying is fast without many problems of deformation and surface cracking. Accelerated drying should be done carefully to avoid longitudinal cracks and end cracks.

Machinability
Guariuba can be machined moderately well to well, both with hand tools and with machines. Wood with cross-thread requires carbide tools to obtain a smooth surface; it has a dull effect on tools due to the presence of gravel. Tungsten carbide cutting tools are recommended. Dry guariuba contains 0.2-1% gravel. It can be peeled and cut well after being steamed at 65 °C.

Nailing and screwing Good, nails keep good. pre-drilling is recommended when screwing.
Gluing
All right. Guariuba can be laminated.

Bending
Not known.

Surface finish
All right.

Sustainability
Fungi -ground contact 1.-above ground 1.Termites moderately durable.Drying wood drills durable.

Impregnability
Heartwood very difficult.sapwood moderately difficult.

Details
Cellulose 45%, hemicellulose 17%, lignin 30%.

Applications
Interior and exterior construction wood, garden wood, interior and exterior carpentry, doors, scrap, rebate, stairs, floors and parquet, (garden) furniture, decorative cutting veneer and plywood and turning.

Garapa

Brazil

Sapin: heavy and hard Brazilian wood; yellowish-beige to yellowish heartwood, suitable for deck boards and light and heavy above-ground exterior constructions.

FAS (First and Second) for top quality: virtually free of sapwood, heart and other defects.

Origin: Garapa or Grapia is the commercial name for the botanical species Apuleia leiocarpa. She belongs to the Caesalpiniaceae family and comes from the forests of Central Brazil.

Volumic mass: On average between 800 and 960 kg/m³.

Durability: Durability class 1/2

Applications: decking boards, light and heavy above-ground exterior constructions.

Ipé

Brazil

Ipé is the commercial name for the botanical species Tabebuia spp, which belongs to the Bignoniaceae family and comes from the tropical forests of Central and South America.

Ipé : Is very stable and durable wood, mostly from Brazil, very fine grain, brown heartwood, often with light to dark stripes, yellowish sapwood. Suitable for outdoor work such as constructions, cladding, garden furniture, garden wood, stairs and terraces (around swimming pools). Also suitable for various interior joinery work such as parquet, plank flooring, stairs and furniture, FAS (First and Second) for top quality: virtually free of sapwood, heart and other defects. We also supply NO.1 quality this is a quality that is still good for garden wood applications but where some deviations are occasionally allowed such as; occasional and pinhole, dense knots, cross thread and small percentage of sapwood. If you are interested in this quality please call or mail our sales department.

Applications: outdoor constructions, cladding, garden furniture, garden wood, outdoor stairs terraces (around swimming pools), various interior joinery such as parquet, plank floor and stairs, furniture, turning and woodcarving.

Botanical name
Tabebuia serratifolia (Vahl) Nicholson (= Tecoma spec. div.), Tabebuia ipé (Mart.) Standl., T. cassinioides DC., T. guayacan Hemsl., T. longiflora Standl.

Family
Bignoniaceae.

Growth area
Tropical Central and South America.

Tree description
The many species and the large area of distribution are the reason why the dimensions of the trees and the wood properties differ greatly. Height 30-40(-65) m with a diameter of 0.6-0.9(-1.8) m. The branch-free straight cylindrical trunks can be up to 8-40 m long and sometimes have roots at the base.

Wire
Straight, sometimes cross or irregular wire.

Nerf
Fine.

Durability: durability class 1

Volumic mass
(950-)1050 (-1150) kg/m3 at 12% moisture content, fresh 1200-1300 kg/m3.

Working
Moderate.

Drying
Fairly slow, low tendency to deform and tear.

Machinability
Due to its high volumetric mass, it is difficult to work with and cutting edges quickly become blunt. When planing, it is recommended to use small cutting angles to avoid problems with crosshairs. Appearance can be smoothed. A good extraction of the wood dust is recommended, as the released lapachol dust can cause a skin condition (dermatitis) in sensitive people.

Nailing and screwing: Predrilling necessary.

Gluing
Considering the high volume mass probably not without problems.

Details
The substance lapachol, which can cause skin allergies in processors, contains the derivative deoxylapachol (0.4%). Lapachol gives a dark red color in contact with alkalis. The bark contains ± 5% tannin. The wood contains a purple dye that dissolves in water and can cause bleeding.

Applications
Mainly for construction works (bridge and shipbuilding and harbour works), sleepers, exterior and interior carpentry, parquet, flooring, furniture, commercial flooring, garden wood, garden furniture, would be one of the best woods for spokes in wooden wheels in carriage construction. In Brazil widely used in bodywork construction.

Mirindiba

Brazil

Family: COMBRETACEAE (ANGIOSPERM)

Mirindiba: The wood is light yellow to yellow-brown, sometimes with reddish veins. The sapwood is clearly demarcated. The grain is straight and the texture is medium. Density at 12% moisture content: 0.93 g/cm3.

The dulling effect is quite high; peeling is not recommended or without interest and the slicing is reportedly good. Nailing is good, but pre-drilling is necessary. Gluing is bad. It dries slowly. Mirindiba has moderate mold resistance and is durable against dry wood borers; sapwood delineated (risk limited to sapwood).

Mirindiba can be used for multiple applications such as: • interior: e.g. floors, carved veneer, joinery, moldings • exterior: e.g. Garden timber, shipbuilding, heavy carpentry, joinery

Durability class: 2

References • CIRAD . Forestry Department

Tanimbuca

Brazil

Family: COMBRETACEAE (ANGIOSPERM)

The wood is light yellow to yellow-brown, sometimes with reddish veins. The sapwood is clearly demarcated. The grain is straight and the texture is medium. Density at 12% moisture content: 0.93 g/cm3.

The dulling effect is quite high; peeling is not recommended or without interest and the slicing is reportedly good. Nailing is good, but pre-drilling is necessary. Gluing is bad. It dries slowly. Tanimbuca has moderate mold resistance and is durable to dry wood borers; sapwood delineated (risk limited to sapwood).

Tanimbuca can be used for multiple applications such as: • interior: e.g. floors, cut veneer, industrial or heavy floors, joinery, moldings • exterior: e.g. Garden timber, shipbuilding, heavy carpentry, joinery

Durability class: 2

References • CIRAD . Forestry Department

Maçaranduba

Brazil

Family: Sapotaceae

Maçaranduba: height 30 - 45 meters. The straight cylindrical branch-free trunk is (15-)18-20(-25) meters long and has a diameter of 0.6 - 0.8 meters, maximum 1.8 meters. Old trees have up to 1.0 meters high root runs.

Thread: straight, sometimes slightly wavy or slightly cross-woven.

Grain: fine.

Durability: durability class 1

Volumic mass: (850-)1050 (-1200) kg/m3 at 12% moisture content, fresh 1050-1350 kg/m3

Applications: hydraulic structures in pile worm-free areas, bridge decks, floors, sleepers and garden timber. Furthermore for turning, knobs and handles, wind instruments, parquet and strip floors and for violin bows as a substitute for pernambuco and billiard cues.

Mukulungu

Congo

Family: Sapotaceae

Mukulungu: Height 20 - 30 (- 40) meters with a diameter of 0.7 - 1.2 meters, maximum 2.0 meters. The trunk is straight and cylindrical and up to 20 - 25 meters branch free.

Wire: straight, sometimes cross wire.

Grain: fine and even.

Durability: durability class 1

Volumic mass: (800-)920- 960(-1030) kg/m3 at 12% moisture content, fresh 1000-1200 kg/m3.

Applications: suitable for veneer manufacture, it could serve as a substitute for makoré. This wood, still little known in our country, can be used for hydraulic engineering applications, bridge decks, bodywork, facade carpentry, stair treads, panelling and parquet(floors). Mukulungu is highly resistant to acids and is therefore eligible for application in the chemical industry.

Tatajuba

Brazil

Family: Moraceae.

Growing area
Brazil, Guyana, French Guiana, Suriname.

Tree description
Height 27-30 m. The branch-free straight cylindrical trunk is 18-21 m long and has a diameter of 0.5-1.0 m. When damaged, a large amount of sticky sweet latex flows from the bark.

Wood description
The heartwood is freshly colored yellow and sometimes streaked with brown. When exposed to light, it fades to reddish brown or dark brown, often with a striking golden sheen. The sapwood is pale yellow to whitish and is 30-40 mm wide.

Voluminous mass
(630-)700-800-900(-980) kg/m3 at 12% moisture content, fresh 1070-1100 kg/m3.

To dry
Slowly. There is a tendency to deformation upon drying. During accelerated drying, drying stress occurs, which can be removed after drying by means of conditioning.

Editability
Good. Sawing is easy but slow. When planing, a rake angle of 15-20( is recommended, because of the crosshair. Processes such as groove milling and long-hole drilling require the necessary attention in connection with splintering of the wood.

Surface finish
Good, with solvent-based paint and with a water-based system.

Durability class: 1

Particularities
The wood of tatajuba resembles iroko both in appearance and in many properties. However, it is a bit heavier and not as stable. It requires a little more care when drying. Tatajuba would, however, contain no or less health-damaging substances and limeinclusions.

Applications
Like iroko, although tatajuba is somewhat less stable: frames, windows, stairs, doors, cladding, parquet and interior panelling, furniture, ship hulls, trusses and garden wood.

Want to learn more about Timber species
or Novum Timber?